Soil microorganisms, sometimes spelled as soil microorganisms, are a very important element of a healthy soil. Knowing what the microbes in the soil eat, they flourish and temperature conditions that they are most active are important in organic gardening and organic lawn care.
From a practical standpoint, it boils down organic material, but not just any organic material. These facts below will help you plan your activities around the time they are most beneficial. Here is a partial list of the important functions they do. You can get to know more about beneficial soil microbes through online search.
Image Source: Google
Soil microorganisms are responsible for:
Transformation raw elements from one another chemical form. Essential nutrients in the soil released by microbial activity of Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulfur, Iron and others.
Breaking down organic matter into a form useful for plants. This improves soil fertility by making nutrients available and increase the level of the CEC.
Degradation of pesticides and other chemicals found in the soil.
Suppression of pathogenic microorganisms that cause disease. Pathogen itself is part of this group, but vastly outnumbered by the microbes.
There are several types of microorganisms in the soil that are beneficial to plants. Together they create large populations of living organisms.
These are the various natural substances including decaying leaves, grass clippings, roots shed, wood chips, etc.
Humus (well decomposed organic matter) is the richest source for plant growth. Organic materials come in a variety of different levels of nutrients, especially nitrogen.