Those who need a process for taking out gunk, old paint and layers of dirt often want more than the regular things used for cleaning. Among the most efficient of processes is sponge blasting in OH, a more modern and current standard for cleaning in industrial settings or for manufacturing. There are many who have done the conversion to this process.
From the older style of clean ups, which involved things like oils and chemical cleansers, the washout process prevailed. Washing with liquids, often water in combination with detergents, though was not an effective one. However, the newer system took off from this style of clean up with its own version, liquified and with something else besides.
The something else involve sponge grits, small abrasive bits that actually act more efficiently to take out any form of gunk, corrosive or no longer useful. These are produced with care, and can come with grades, which means different kinds of sizes. Also, there are different kinds of abrasives available for specific purposes.
The liquid solution has a water base, but the bits are not actually affected by the water of some light cleaning chemicals that might be mixed. There are many ways to make this combination work, and it all depends on how a manufacturing plant say needs this kind of job. Some plants have a combination of concerns.
The range of concerns of these kind can include old lubricants that have congealed. These also include old paint, and those layers and coatings of protective finishes. There are also any number of congealed debris that have been caught in the medium of lubricants and combined stuff like paints, which can actually melt through its serve life.
The bits are called sponges because they look like little sponges, but actually have more heavy duty qualities. The smaller these are though the softer the wave that is produced or put on any surface. The power or force behind the cleaning method is actually provided by pressure, which is produced by a machine.
This can be steam, which also provides its own forward momentum. The thrust or power behind the stream is produced by hot gases which are directed out through a small outlet to make the power directed and more energetic. The other methods used may be there because of specific need, but steam is the primary item in industry.
There will be loads of force through high pressure hosing effects too. When there is no need for steam, the pressure alone can push through or penetrate the oldest layers of dirt and debris. Paints are not that hard to take off especially when it no longer has its adhesive qualities and the surface has started to peel.
Steam is especially needed for those things that tend to melt at high temperatures. The temperature though immediately goes down as soon as steam comes out of hoses, which reduces its capacity to corrode or damage other parts of a place or machines. Remember that the gunk is often found on surfaces of still usable or working machines and locations.